Rose petal confit?
What is THAT, you are asking?
We thought we would take a moment or two and have some fun with the words “jam”, “jelly” “preserves” and “confit.” Fancy That is selling rose petal confit in our Tea Boutique. We also have other confit including lavender!
Not to be “stuffy”, but when you visit the Tea Boutique and ask for the jelly, we may cringle a little (quietly inside), and point you to the Fireplace Room where we have our jams, preserves and confit on display.
OK….here we go. Grab your rose-biscuit (oh! did we mention that we sell rose biscuits?! – that's for another post, dear!) and “Sunny Passion” tea, sit back, and enjoy the read! (grin).
From Fannie Farmer’s Cookbook:
Jelly is made with fruit juice and sugar.Jam is made with crushed or chopped fruit and sugar.
Preserves are fruits cooked with sugar to keep their shapes.
Conserves are jamlike mixtures of two or more fruits to which nuts or raisins are usually added.
Marmalades are soft jellies with pieces or fruit or peel.
A confiture is a confection, a preserve, or a jam.
And now for the Legal Definitions!
US FDA definitions
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published standards of identity in 21 CFR 150, and treats jam and preserves as synonymous, but distinguishes jelly from jams and preserves. All of these are cooked and pectin-gelled fruit products, but jellies are based entirely on fruit juice or other liquids, while jams and preserves are gelled fruit that may include the seeds and pulp and interestingly, must contain at least 55% sugar. The US Department of Agriculture offers grading service based on these standards. (Taken from the Grading Manual of Fruits and Jellies” by the US FDA)
European Union directives on 'jam'
In the European Union, the jam directive (Council Directive 79/693/EEC, 24 July 1979) set minimum standards for the amount of "fruit" in jam, but the definition of fruit was expanded to take account of several unusual kinds of jam made in the EU. For this purpose, "fruit" is considered to include fruits that are not usually treated in a culinary sense as fruits, such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and pumpkins; fruits that are not normally made into jams; and vegetables that are sometimes made into jams, such as: rhubarb (the edible part of the stalks), carrots, and sweet potatoes. This definition continues to apply in the new directive, Council Directive 2001/113/EC of 20 December 2001 relating to fruit jams, jellies and marmalades and sweetened chestnut purée intended for human consumption.
'Extra jam' is subject to somewhat stricter rules that set higher standards for the minimum fruit content (45% instead of 35% as a general rule, but lower for some fruits such as redcurrants and blackcurrants), as well specifying as the use of unconcentrated fruit pulp, and forbidding the mixture of certain fruits and vegetables with others (taken from the Council Directive cited above.).
So with all that said, let’s look closer at “confit” since that is the subject of today!
CONFIT, from the American Heritage Dictionary says: "A condiment made by cooking seasoned fruit or vegetables, usually to a jamlike consistency" "Confit" simply means to preserve or enhance the flavor of a food by packing it a substance. Typically, that substance is fat, sugar or salt. Duck Confit, for instance, is duck that has been cooked in duck fat, which enhances its flavor.
Confit is one of those words that is so mysterious, and wonderful, so gloriously French, that you guess anything with “confit” in the recipe is difficult, or has pound after pound of butter. Many “foodies” know of Duck Confit or Lamb Confit. Those with a sweeter tooth know of the Lemon Confit.
So, with the actual definition meaning “preserved,” we know that “confit” was originally devised to preserve meats and poultry in order to winter-over. Accoutrements began to be simmered as well, giving rise to some of the most wonderful confit such as Lemon, Lavender, Rose petal, and others!. Fruits and vegetables can become confit by packing them in sugar or salt.
Our confit are packaged in sugar to make it a wonderful spread that can be used on toast, biscuit or even a piece of cake. Stop by soon to browse our Tea Boutique and look for the Jams and Confit! They’re in the “Fireplace Room”.
Starting in May 2011, our Tea Boutique hours will be Friday 11AM – 3 PM, and Saturday and Sunday from noon to 5 PM. There is parking in front of, and in the back of the Tea Boutique. Thanks for stopping by! We look forward to seeing you again very soon!